The XIII Olympic Winter Games took place in Lake Placid, New York, United States of America, in 1980, which were the first Olympic Winter Games that the Chinese Olympic Committee (COC) participated in after being re-instated its legal status in the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1979. The COC sent 28 athletes to take part in 18 events in Skating, Skiing and Biathlon. The Chinese athletes who participate in the Olympic Winter Games for the first time lagged behind and failed to make it to the top six.
It was the second Olympic Winter Games for the Chinese delegation, which sent 37 athletes to take part in 26 events. Chinese Taipei also sent 14 athletes to join this edition of the Games. It was the first time that athletes from two sides of the strait participated in the Olympics together. In the women’s Slalom event of Alpine Skiing, Chinese skiers Jin Xuefei and Wang Guizhen came out the 19th and 20th. The Chinese team accomplished its goal of broadening its vision and training.
The XV Olympic Winter Games took place in Calgary, Canada, in 1988. China only sent a 20-people delegation to compete in 3 events that would produce 18 gold medals, namely Speed Skating, Figure Skating and Cross-country Skiing. Chinese athlete Li Yan captured gold in Women’s 1,000m Short-Track Speed Skating Performance and bronze in 500m and 1,500m
Chinese athletes won three silver medals, ranking the 15th in the medal table. It was also the first time that China broke its zero-medal record after 12 years of hard work since its initial participation in the Olympic Winter Games in 1980. 34 Chinese athletes took part in 34 events in Skiing, Skating and Biathlon, and finally won three silver medals, among them female skater Ye Qiaobo captured silver medals in 500m and 1,000m Speed Skating despite her injury.
The IOC voted in 1986 to decide holding the Olympic Winter Games two years after the Games of the Olympiad. To be in line with the decision, the XVII Olympic Winter Games took place in Lillehammer, Norway, in 1994, which were two years after the Olympic Winter Games in Albertville, France, 1992. They were the only two editions of the Olympic Games to be two years apart. China sent 27 athletes, among whom 19 were female, to take part in Speed Skating, Short-track Speed Skating, Figure Skating, Biathlon and Freestyle Skiing.
The XVIII Olympic Winter Games took place in Nagano, Japan, in 1998. The Chinese delegation participated in 4 sports, namely Skating, Ice Hockey, Skiing and Biathlon, and 40 events, including Short-track Speeding Skating, Speeding Skating, Women’s Ice Hockey, Figure Skating, Freestyle Skiing, Biathlon and Cross-country Skiing. The delegation achieved better results with 6 silver and 2 bronze. Although no gold medals were captured, the progress of the team was obvious to all.
The XIX Olympic Winter Games took place in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, between 8 – 24 February 2002, with 78 events – 10 more than the previous Nagano Games, which re-included Skeleton and added Women’s Bobsleigh, making it the edition with the most events in the history of the Olympic Winter Games. Chinese Short-track Speed Skater Yang Yang became the first Chinese athlete to win a gold medal at the Olympic Winter Games. The Chinese team acquired two gold, two silver and four bronze, ranking 13th in the medal table.
At the foot of the snow-capped Alps, the Olympic Flame for the XX Olympic Winter Games slowly went out. China sent 151 people, among whom 76 are athletes, including 36 and 40 male and female athletes. Although the team dropped a place, compared to the last Games, to be ranked the 14th, the overall medal count exceeded the pervious Games by 3, with a total of 11 medals comprising 2 gold, 4 silver and 5 bronze.
The Chinese team performed well at the XXI Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver, Canada, winning 11 medals, including 5 gold, 2 silver and 4 bronze. Wang Meng captured 3 gold in women’s 500m, 1,000m Short-track Speeding Skating and Relay. She also broke the world record to become the first Chinese athletes to have won three gold medals in a single edition of the Olympic Winter Games. The Chinese team therefore won all four gold from the Women’s Short-track Speed Skating.
The XXII Olympic Winter Games took place in Sochi, Russia, in 2014. The Chinese delegation won 3 gold, 4 silver and 2 bronze. When speed skater Zhang Hong captured the gold, she shattered the 34-year-old curse on the Chinese speed-skating team. Short-track speed skaters Li Jianrou and Zhou Yang also surprised fans and put behind them the injury of Wang Meng. Furthermore, eight of the Chinese medallists were born in the 90s, demonstrating the strength of the team in the future.