As capital of the People's Republic of China, Beijing serves as the nation's centre of politics, culture, international exchange and scientific innovation.
In 2008, Beijing successfully hosted the Games of the XXIX Olympiad.
With a history of over 3000 years and a capital history of more than 850 years (serving as the capital city of five ancient dynasties), Beijing is a famous historical and cultural city in the world and one of the four ancient Chinese capitals. As early as 700,000 years ago, primitive communities, as evidenced by the unearthed relics of "Peking man", had appeared at the Zhoukoudian Area of Beijing. The first documented name of Beijing was "Ji".［more］
Beijing is a famed historical and cultural city with a thousand years of history. It was the capital of five dynasties. In the over 800 years starting from the Jin dynasty, numerous grand and magnificent palaces were built, making Beijing the city with the largest number of imperial palaces, gardens, temples and mausolea built in the most diversified styles in China.
Temples and palaces of religions are scattered in Beijing, including: the Buddhist Fayuan Temple, Tanzhe Temple, Jietai Temple, Yunju Temple and temples at Badachu; the Taoist White Cloud Temple; the Islamist Niujie Mosque; Tibetan Buddhist Yonghe Temple; Catholic Church of the Saviour and St. Joseph’s Church; and Christian Gangwashi Church and Asbury Church.［more］
Beijing 2022 proposes 25 venues that are located in three zones in Beijing, Yanqing and Zhangjiakou.
The Beijing Zone has a total of 12 competition and non-competition venues, including 8 existing, 3 additional and 1 temporary. It will host three sports (Curling, Ice Hockey and Skating), five disciplines (Curling, Ice Hockey, Short Track Speed Skating, Figure Skating and Speed Skating) and 32 events.
The Olympic Green is an important legacy of Beijing 2008, which will, once again, become the centre in 2022.
7 of the 25 venues of Beijing 2022 located in the Olympic Green:the National Stadium, the Bird’s Nest, for the opening and closing ceremonies,the National Aquatics Centre, the Water Cube, for Curling and Wheelchair Curling,the National Indoor Stadium for Men’s Ice Hockey and Ice Sledge Hockey,the Wukesong Sports Centre for Women’s Ice Hockey, the Capital Indoor Stadium for Short Track Speed Skating and Figure Skating, the only new competition venue, the Speed Skating Oval for Speed Skating.
Master Plan for Beijing 2022 Paralympic Winter Games
The Beijing 2022 Paralympic Winter Games will use five competition venues (the National Indoor Stadium, National Aquatics Centre, National Sliding Centre, Genting Snow Park A and Biathlon Centre) to host six sports (Ice Sledge Hockey, Wheelchair Curling, Alpine Skiing, Snowboarding, Cross Country Skiing and Biathlon). The planning, design and renovation of the venues will meet the requirements of the International Paralympic Committee to ensure full accessibility. Sufficient spaces will be preserved for the wheelchair users.
The Overall Concept
All Beijing 2022 venue plans entirely fulfil the three objectives of the Overall Concept of “running athletes-centred Games, ensuring sustainable development, and hosting economical Games”...［more］
Beijing National Stadium
National Aquatics Center
National Indoor Stadium
Wukesong Sports Center
Capital Indoor Stadium
Transport system in the three Zones is highly continent.
(1) Rail services:
Beijing-Zhangjiakou High-Speed Rail (including Chongli Railway), which will provide reliable connections among the three Zones, has started construction in 2014 and will be in operation by early 2019 to 2020. The travel time from Qinghe High-Speed Railway Station of Beijing to Yanqing High-Speed Railway Station is 20 minutes, and 50 minutes to Taizicheng High-Speed Railway Station of Zhangjiakou.
There are three Multiple motorways in the three Zones.
The primary inter-zone corridor for accredited client group is the new Xingyan Expressway linking with Yanchong road with Olympic Lanes in each direction. The total distance of this corridor is 161 kilometers between the Beijing and Zhangjiakou Olympic Villages, and the travel time is 125 minutes.
The existing G6 Expressway linking with Zhangcheng Expressway with Olympic Lanes will be the second corridor. The total distance of this corridor is 241 kilometres between the Beijing and Zhangjiakou Olympic Villages, and the travel time is 155 minutes.
As a contingency, a third corridor will be available as well.
Two international airports will be the gateway airports during the Games: Beijing Capital International Airport and Beijing New International Airport. The Zhangjiakou Ningyuan Airport will serve as a Games-time backup.